Participation in rhythm: !Xun socialization through singing and dancing activities

Publié le 6 février 2017 Mis à jour le 6 février 2017
le 15 mars 2017
10h - 11 h
Salle D30 (MDR)

Akira TAKADA (The Center for African Area Studies, Kyoto University, Japan) - Séminaire spécial du CLLE-LTC

Résumé : Previous studies have shown that Ju|'hoan (a group of the San) children were not weaned until they were four years of age. After this long period of nursing, children would then shift their strong attachment to a multi-aged child group. These characteristics are considered intrinsic to a nomadic lifestyle that requires a long period of socialization. I conducted research in North-Central Namibia among the !Xun, neighbors of the Ju|'hoan with close agro-pastoral associations, to examine child-group interactions among the San.
Today, !Xun children are usually weaned during the second year after birth, and the multi-aged child group subsequently plays a significant role in childcare. !Xun child groups usually operate outside of adult supervision. The singing of, and dancing to, songs, most of which originated in agro-pastoral societies, are major activities for girls’ groups. !Xun children incorporate these new aspects into their play.
In this presentation, I will analyze how young children start engaging in such “multiparty embodied participation frameworks” (C. Goodwin, 2002) of song/dance activity. The results will show that although child groups facilitate rapid changes in San society, they also enable social re-integration. The active imitation observed in their activities contributes importantly to regenerating their social organization.

Présentation du chercheur :